The History of French Architecture

French architecture has been considered to be among the best combinations of science and art in history.

church-885474_640 It has played a prominent role in boosting Europe`s cultural life.

Many people from different parts of the world visit France to experience the history of French architecture.

The buildings were able to withstand the destructions that were evident in the Second World War, which made them revered and unique.

French architecture has been known to be the oldest and culturally evolved forms of art and science.

The architecture involves the Gothic cathedrals, modern painters, cubists and beautifully illustrated manuscripts from the Middle Ages to the impressionist’s innovations.

French art created significant impacts that shaped the western world`s art.

The ancient building structures that are believed to belong to the early man are still in existence in the French Countryside.

The structures include the number of prehistoric sites found in Brittany. The classical architecture was then introduced during the Roman conquest of the southern part of France in the 1st century AD.

The buildings that are attributed to the classical architecture in France include Maison-Caree and Pont du Gard, which is situated near Nimes. Besides, the form of Roman Basilica existed in the Carolingian period that saw significant enhancements and design innovations.

Moreover, the Merovingian, Carolingian, and early Christian buildings are still present, and they are the remnants of the early forms of French architecture.

  • Romanesque buildingscathedral-187458_640

French architecture started blooming in the 1000`s and 1100`s which was characterized by churches and monasteries springing up throughout France.

The churches greatly influenced the architecture that made France a vital center for architecture and art in Europe.

Romanesque style of architecture was characterized by the great use of round arches and was inspired by the remains of Ancient Roman buildings.

The style of architecture featured big and solid churches that had thick walls and massive pillars carrying weights of stone ceilings that are known as vaults.

Examples of French Romanesque sculpture are presently foundin churches at Vezelay, Autun and Moissac found in Southern France.

The churches still have an impression of constant movement on distorted figures, curving which is crowded in small spaces that atop columns and over the doorways.

  • Gothic architecture

Gothic style is among the most iconic architecture styles that originated in France.

It features arches that were pointed and had thin columns that direct the eyes to the vaulted ceilings.

The walls are thick and are also adorned with large pointed windows. Marvelous Examples of this architecture include cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, Amiens and the Cathedrals of Chartres and Reims.

  • Renaissance

Renaissance entails the rebirth of interest that involves the learning of arts in the classical age.

The artists focused on human figures that were often portrayed in nude which was according to the classical tradition of Roman and Greek art. The secular buildings significantly used classical decorations that were borrowed from Italy`s Renaissance.

  • Sixteenth century

merseburg-castle-862523_640During 1600`s many key town planning projects were developed in Paris that included the city square and homes that surrounded a place or a plaza.

Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century
The architecture style was characterized by refined classicism that distinguished the French mode from the Italians type.

It is evident in Chateau de maissons and Seine-et-Oise that had roofs that are steeply pitched. This century saw the remodeling of the hunting lodge situated outside place to the Versailles palace.

The century featured the adoption of Rococo style that was characterized by the presence of graceful curves with a feeling of lightness.

Timothy Larose